The Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP). CCAP began in 1993 with a goal of returning total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions to their 1990 levels by the year 2000. Although the CCAP will fall well short of this goal, CCAP programs will result in emissions reductions of about 76 million metric tons of carbon-equivalent by the year 2000.

The plan includes some 50 initiatives covering major sectors of the U.S. economy. It addresses energy demand, energy supply, forestry. Agency participants include DOE, EPA, and USDA. The CCAP includes measures to reduce all significant greenhouse gases in all sectors of the economy. It is a voluntary program that relies on partnerships and cooperation between the public and private sectors in developing new low-emissions, high efficiency technologies.

Because of lower-than-expected fuel prices and higher-than-expected economic growth and electricity demand, overall emissions growth has outstripped the emissions reductions achieved by CCAP. Additionally, Congress has made significant reductions (about 40% in recent years) in CCAP's funding, thus preventing full implementation of some of CCAP's initiatives.

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