THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release February 23, 1998 10:04 A.M. EST
REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT
AT NATIONAL GOVERNORS ASSOCIATION
The East Room
THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. Governor Voinovich, Governor Carper, Mr. Scheppach, and to the members of the administration that are here and all the governors, let me welcome you back to the White House. Before I begin let me say what I know is on all of our minds -- our thoughts and prayers are with the people in Central Florida where tornadoes have now killed 28 people. Governor Chiles is going to visit with our FEMA Director James Lee Witt the area today, and they will have our concerns with them.
I'd also like to say I'm sorry we're starting a little late, but I've been working on the situation in Iraq. The Vice President and I met with National Security Advisor Berger this morning. Last night just before our dinner I spoke with the Secretary General Kofi Annan, and I have called Prime Minister Blair this morning -- we had a long talk about the situation. I still have to talk to President Yeltsin and President Chirac, and I may have to leave the meeting and then come back. But that's all I have to say now, but I'm sorry we're starting a little late.
I'd like to confine my opening remarks -- and I'll try to truncate them since were starting late -- to education. For 20 years now, governors have been in the forefront of education reform in the United States. In the late '70s I was working with Governor Riley and now Senator Bob Graham and Governor Hunt and others in the south who were trying to raise the standard of living in the southern states to the national average, in part through an improvement in education.
In '83, when President Reagan was here, Secretary Bell issued the Nation at Risk report. In '89 we had the Education Summit -- some of you were there then -- which produced the national education goals. In '93, we passed Goals 2000 here and the School To Work program -- I might say both of which have been implemented without a single new federal regulation, something I'm very proud of.
Last year in my State of the Union, I outlined a 10-point program in education and asked that we leave politics at the schoolhouse door. And most of that program has now been implemented. I won't go over all of it, but I would just mention three or four issues that I think are important because they relate to many concerns that the governors have.
First of all, with the increases in Pell Grants and 300,000 work-study positions, with the education IRAs finally giving interest deductions for payments on college loans, the direct loan program, the HOPE Scholarship, named after Governor Miller's program in Georgia, and the Lifetime Learning Tax Credit, which also applies to the second, the third, and fourth years of college and graduate school, I think we can finally say for the first time in the history of the country, we've opened the doors of college to all Americans.
And that's an astonishing achievement for America. And I'm very proud of that.
Secondly, we are well on our way to hooking up all the classrooms and libraries in the country to the Internet by the year 2000. And many of you have been very active in that. Thirdly -- I'll say a little more about this in a minute -- the national standards movement is alive and well. Fourth, we had the America Reads program, which has several thousand college students in all your states going into elementary school classrooms to teach kids to read.
And finally, we funded a huge expansion in the Master Teacher program, which Governor Hunt has been so active in, and which I think is critically important to the future of education. If we can get a master teacher, a certified master teacher in every school building in America, it will change the culture and content and results of American education.
Now, in '98, in the State of the Union address, I asked the American people to focus on the fact that we could be happy that we'd opened the doors of college to everybody because everyone accepts the fact that we have the best system of higher education in the world -- everyone accepts that. No one believes America has the best system of elementary and secondary education in the world. And it seems incongruous. We know that we can have, and I think that should be our goal.
So with a view towards standards accountability and expectations all being lifted, our budget in this year makes the largest commitment to K through 12 education in the history of the country -- focused largely on reducing class size in the early grades to an average of 18 -- there are still a lot of classes with 30 kids or more in them -- on, therefore, to do that, achieving -- helping the state and helping local school districts to hire 100,000 teachers, and helping to build or remodel 5,000 schools.
It focus on more emphasis on teachers, money for teacher training and more money to develop a master teacher program. It focuses on standards and the continuation of the voluntary national test development for 8th grade math and 4th grade reading.
I know that later today -- and all of you may or may not know this -- but I know later today Secretary Riley is going to appoint Governor Engler to the NASBE, the independent board that is supposed to develop a test and that guarantees that the states' concerns will be taken into account. I thank Governor Engler for his willingness to serve. I think it is important that we say whether we use national tests that are somehow evaluated by a national standard, or state tests that are evaluated by a national standard, that we do believe that learning the basics is the same in every state in America, and we want to raise the standards in every state in America. I think that is terribly important and I think we can do it. And I thank you, Governor, for your willingness to serve.
One other thing I'd like to say about standards. There's an interesting effort underway in America in many states and in some cities like Chicago to find a way to end the practice of social promotion in a way that lifts children up instead of putting them down. In Chicago they have mandatory summer school, for example, for children that don't perform at grade level, and it's, among other things, led to a dramatic drop in juvenile crime in the summer in Chicago, that more and more people are involved in constructive activities.
Before the next school year starts, Secretary Riley will issue guidelines on how schools can end social promotion and boost their efforts to ensure that more students learn what they need to
learn the first time around, and then to help those who don't with extra tutoring and summer school.
I also will send to Congress this year legislation to expand the Ed-Flex program. That's the program that frees the states from federal regulations so long as they set high academic standards; waive their own regulations for local schools and hold schools accountable for results. There are I think a dozen of you now who are part of the Ed-Flex program. The legislation that I will send would make every state in the country eligible to be a part of it, which would dramatically reduce the regulatory burden of the federal government on the states in the area of education.
One last thing I'd like to mention, as all of you know, we have been involved now for about eight months in a national conversation on race. This Race Initiative I think has produced a number of results both in terms of specific programs and in terms of elevating the dialogue in the country about how we can deal with our increasing diversity as one America in the 21st century. I'm delighted that this initiative is also working with the YWCA and with governors to convene statewide days of dialogue on race on April 30th. And I want to thank the YWCA -- the CEO, Dr. Prema Mathai-Davis is here today with us this morning -- for helping us to launch these dialogues.
Several of the governors have already agreed to participate in this, and I hope all the governors will support the days of dialogue. Judith Winston, who is the Executive Director of my initiative on race, is also here today and will be happy to talk with you or your representatives more about this effort.
Now, there are a lot of other issues that I know that you want to talk about, but I'll just end where I tried to begin. I think if we get education right, the rest of this will all resolve itself. As I look at where we are with the unemployment rate in the country, with the growth rate, and I ask myself how can we continue to grow, how we can lower the unemployment rate, how can we do it without inflation, the only answer, it seems to me, is to provide higher skill levels to the people in the places that have not yet fully participated in the good times America is enjoying.
I think it is a democratic obligation on us -- small "d" -- to make our democracy work, and I think it is an economic imperative. So I hope that we can focus on that, but I'm more than eager to talk about whatever else you'd like to discuss.