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Research and Development Budget Investments for the Twenty-First Century
Budget of the United States Government Fiscal Year 2000
FISCAL YEAR 2000 RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BUDGET: OVERVIEW
President Clinton has submitted a balanced
budget request to Congress for FY 2000. Despite the tight constraint on
discretionary spending, FY 2000 is the seventh year in a row that the President
has proposed increased investments in civilian research and development
-- to a total of $39.8 billion. Civilian R&D now constitutes 51% of
the overall R&D budget of $78.2 billion.
The FY 2000 budget continues the important R&D trends established
by this Administration. It boosts funding for basic research to $18.2 billion,
an increase of 4.2% ($727 million) over FY 1999. The budget also strengthens
university-based research, which increases by $353 million, and reflects
an effort to reestablish an optimum balance between health care research
and other scientific disciplines.
21st Century Research Fund
The 21st Century Research Fund continues to be the centerpiece
of the President's R&D investment strategy. This year the Research
Fund includes DOD basic and applied research programs, further evidence
of the Administration's commitment to effective integration of the Nation's
university-based research portfolio. The $38 billion Research Fund grows
by 3% in FY 2000 and provides for overall stability and for growth in the
highest priority research programs.
Highlights of the R&D Budget
The proposed R&D investments will enable the S&T agencies to
achieve the President's goals for science and technology: promote long-term
economic growth that creates high-wage jobs; sustain a healthy, educated
citizenry; harness information technology; improve environmental quality;
enhance national security and global stability; and maintain world leadership
in science, engineering, and mathematics. For example:
National Institutes of Health (NIH). Keeping pace with the Administration's
ambitious goal last year for progress in biomedical research, the budget
includes a 2% ($320 million) increase. These investments will allow continued
progress on diabetes, brain disorders, cancer, genetic medicine, disease
prevention strategies, and development of an AIDS vaccine.
National Science Foundation (NSF). The budget provides $3.92 billion
(a 7% increase) for NSF's broad base of support to all fields of scientific
study. The budget provides $146 million for NSF to lead the Administration's
Information Technology in the 21st Century (IT5
) initiative and also increases funding for biocomplexity research on biological,
physical, chemical, and social interactions in Earth's ecosystems.
Department of Energy (DOE). The budget provides $2.84 billion (a
6% increase) for basic science programs at DOE. The budget includes resources
for basic research as well as continued support for construction and operation
of large scientific user facilities, including the Spallation Neutron Source.
DOE's participation in IT5 ($70M
in FY 2000) will help to accelerate scientific discovery and research.
Department of Defense (DOD). The budget provides $1.1 billion in
basic research, $3 billion in applied research, and $3.3 billion in advanced
technology development. Research on counter-terrorism and on improvements
in the safety and security of the Nation's physical infrastructure and
information and communications systems receives a targeted increase.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The budget
provides $2.48 billion for the International Space Station (an 8% increase).
NASA's budget also includes $2.2 billion for Space Science (a 4% increase
over FY 1999); and $1.46 billion for Earth Science (a 3% increase).
Department of Agriculture (USDA). The budget provides a 6% increase,
$837 million, for the Agricultural Research Service. The Cooperative State
Research, Education and Extension Service National Research Initiative
-- which provides competitive grants in areas of national concern such
as food safety, the environment, plant and animal research, and human nutrition
-- receives a 68% increase to a total of $200 million. Funding for the
Forest Service increases 19% to $235 million in support of ecosystem and
global change research.
Department of Commerce (DOC). The budget includes $918 million in
the 21st Century Research Fund at DOC. It provides $239 million
(an 18% increase) for NIST's Advanced Technology Program to promote unique,
rigorously competitive, cost-shared R&D partnerships. It also provides
$283 million to NOAA for research to support decisionmaking on climate
change, air quality, and ozone depletion.
Department of the Interior (DOI). The budget provides $838 million
(a 5% increase) to USGS for science that supports national resource and
environmental decisionmaking. The budget also supports research and technical
assistance on the scientific needs of land managers and local land use
The budget increases investment in national priorities requiring multi-agency
investments. For example:
High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) and the Information
Technology Initiative (IT2). The budget provides a total
of $1.8 billion for these programs. IT2, which responds to the
recommendations of the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee
to increase funding for fundamental, long-term research, advanced applications,
and research on the economic and social implications of information technology,
is funded at $366 million (a 28% increase) in FY 2000.
Climate Change Technology Initiative. The budget provides a 34%
increase for this initiative, which includes $1.4 billion in R&D on
energy efficiency, renewable energy, carbon sequestration, and improvements
in nuclear and fossil technologies. The initiative also provides $400 million
in tax credits to stimulate adoption of energy efficiency technologies.
U.S. Global Change Research Program. The budget provides $1.8 billion
(a 6% increase) to observe, understand, predict, and assess the state of
the Earth and how it changes in response to natural and human-induced forces.
Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV). The budget
provides $264 million (a 10% increase) for this cost-shared, industry partnership.
PNGV aims to develop affordable cars that achieve up to three times the
fuel economy of comparable vehicles and meet all applicable emission and
Education Research Initiative. The budget provides $50 million ($25
million at NSF and $25 million at ED) to support large-scale, interdisciplinary
research in three key areas: school readiness for learning reading and
mathematics; K-3 learning in reading and mathematics; and education of
PreK-12 teachers in mathematics, reading, and science.
Private Sector Stimulus
The budget provides $2.4 billion to extend the Research and Experimentation
(R&E) tax credit until June 30, 2000. The R&E credit helps stimulate
additional private sector investment in research and development which
encourages technological advancement, leading to higher productivity, and
helping to generate new American jobs.
of Science and Technology Policy 1600 Pennsylvania