Global Microbial Threats in the 1990s

Global Microbial Threats in the 1990s


A U.S. Government interagency working group was convened on December 14, 1994, to consider the global threat of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. The working group was established under the aegis of the Committee on International Science, Engineering, and Technology Policy (CISET) of President Clinton's National Science and Technology Council. Dr. David Satcher, the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), chaired the CISET working group, which included five sub-groups with co-chairs from CDC, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the Department of Defense (DoD), and the State Department.

The working group's membership, which included representatives from more than 17 different Government agencies and departments, reviewed the U.S. role in detection, reporting, and response to outbreaks of new and re-emerging infectious diseases and made a number of recommendations which are described in this report.

The CISET Working Group on Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases comprised the following agencies and organizations:

Department of Agriculture

Department of Commerce

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Institute of Standards and Technology
Department of Defense
Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs)
Department of the Army
Department of the Navy
Department of Health and Human Services

Public Health Service
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Food and Drug Administration
National Institutes of Health
Fogarty International Center
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Office of International Health
Department of State
Bureau of Oceans and International Environment and Scientific Affairs
Bureau of International Organization Affairs
Office of Medical Services

Department of Veterans' Affairs

Environmental Protection Agency

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

National Security Council

Office of Global Climate Change Research Programs

Office of Management and Budget

Peace Corps

U.S. Agency for International Development

White House Office of Science and Technology Policy

White House Council for Environmental Quality

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