prevent or reduce behaviors or practices that place individuals at risk
of HIV infection, and for HIV positive individuals, place others at risk.
- At least
90 percent of individuals with known HIV infection will be abstinent
or will have used a condom at last sexual intercourse, and at least
50 percent of individuals who have engaged in high-risk sexual behaviors
within the past 12 months will be abstinent, in a mutually monogamous
relationship, or have used a condom at last sexual intercourse.
least 75 percent of injecting drug users will have stopped injecting
drugs or used sterile or decontaminated injection equipment at last
least 80 percent of the health care and public safety workplaces will
implement programs and procedures for preventing HIV transmission at
unintended pregnancies to no more than 40 percent of pregnancies among
women with or at risk for HIV infection.
number of individuals donating blood and found to be infected with HIV
at the time of donation will decrease by 50 percent through self-deferral.
selected populations of youth in high-risk situations, increase by 10
percent the proportion who report they used a condom at last sexual
with prevention partners to assess risk behaviors and practices in selected
progress toward objectives.
barriers to implementation of HIV prevention programs at community,
state, and national levels.
with selected communities in developing and implementing a model behavioral
intervention program that comprehensively addresses community needs
and uses available community resources and prevention partners in selected
develop, and test effective community-level interventions to change
risk behaviors through altering community norms and values to support
the community's capacity to plan, implement, and evaluate culturally
competent and linguistically specific HIV prevention guidelines and
programs tailored to the needs of specific populations.
the capacity of CDC staff to plan, administer, and evaluate behavioral
change strategies and community-based interventions to provide public
health leadership and assist our prevention partners in designing and
managing effective strategies for HIV prevention programs.
the capacity of local health departments and other relevant community
agencies to collaboratively provide effective HIV education for youth
in high-risk situations.
scientifically-based evaluation components for HIV prevention activities.
evaluation of components to design or refine HIV prevention programs
and/or redirect HIV prevention resources.
mechanisms are employed for achieving the goals and objectives cited above.
These include cooperative agreements with State and local health departments,
in addition to direct funding of community-based organizations, national
organizations, and national minority organizations. HIV intervention research
studies are also supported.
racial and ethnic groups in addition to persons engaging in behaviors
that place them at risk for acquiring HIV.
avenue for constituency involvement is the HIV Prevention Community Planning
Process. Through this mechanism, State and local health departments form
community planning groups to assist in developing HIV prevention plans.
In addition, there is regular and extensive consultation with representatives
from state and local health departments, community planning groups, and